"improving intensive care in Scotland"

Acute Kidney Injury Part 1:

Definition and recognition


Acute Kidney Injury (AKI, Acute Renal Failure):

Is an abrupt decline in renal function, occurring over days (perhaps longer) and is usually reversible.


Is recognised by:

  • The accummulation of waste products (urea, creatinine)
  • The development of electrolyte disturbance (hyperkalaemia)
  • A metabolic acidaemia
  • A decline in urine output (oliguria) is usually found


AKI is commonly caused by acute cardiovascular failure

Page 2

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